Economic Importance of Tobacco and Its Influence on Health
Central to the effective control of cigarette smoking is an appreciation of tobaccos economic standing throughout the world. Since its discovery, tobacco has played an important role in farm economics and international trade. As shown in Table 3, worldwide tobacco production and consumption have increased by more than 37 and 38%, respectively, over the past 20 years. Similar rates of increase are projected for the next decade. To be discussed later; developing countries are primarily responsible for this continued market expansion. Table 4 shows that shares of US cigarette exports have shifted most to Asian and African countries.
China in 1983 produced by far the largest proportion of the worlds tobacco (Table 5), followed by the United States, India, Brazil, and the USSR. Both China and Brazil have increased their worldwide production shares steadily over the past two decades, while the United States and Japan have become less dominant producers.
In addition to tobaccos contributions to gross national products and national employment rolls, governments realize considerable revenues from taxes on tobacco products and trade. Even in China, where the China National Tobacco Corporation controls tobacco from production all the way through marketing of manufactured products, nationwide plans to stabilize tobacco production are difficult to enforce because monetary returns to tobacco farmers remain high and local governments benefit from taxes. The development of substitute crops for tobacco is problematic. As a field crop, tobacco yields the highest monetary return per unit of land. It has very high labor and capital input requirements that make a switch to other crops difficult.
Worldwide Approaches to Smoking Control
Primary prevention of lung cancer through reductions in smoking prevalence is critical, because efforts to detect the disease early and treat it effectivTags: lung cancer