Central to the effective control of cigarette smoking is an appreciation of tobaccos economic standing throughout the world. Since its discovery, tobacco has played an important role in farm economics and international trade. As shown in Table 3, worldwide tobacco production and consumption have increased by more than 37 and 38%, respectively, over the past 20 years. Similar rates of increase are projected for the next decade. To be discussed later; developing countries are primarily responsible for this continued market expansion. Table 4 shows that shares of US cigarette exports have shifted most to Asian and African countries.
China in 1983 produced by far the largest proportion of the worlds tobacco (Table 5), followed by the United States, India, Brazil, and the USSR. Both China and Brazil have increased their worldwide production shares steadily over the past two decades, while the United States and Japan have become less dominant producers.
In addition to tobaccos contributions to gross national products and national employment rolls, governments realize considerable revenues from taxes on tobacco products and trade. Even in China, where the China National Tobacco Corporation controls tobacco from production all the way through marketing of manufactured products, nationwide plans to stabilize tobacco production are difficult to enforce because monetary returns to tobacco farmers remain high and local governments benefit from taxes. The development of substitute crops for tobacco is problematic. As a field crop, tobacco yields the highest monetary return per unit of land. It has very high labor and capital input requirements that make a switch to other crops difficult.
Any international discussion of smoking control would be parochial without mention of the special problems facing developing countries. Although there remains a paucity of precise information concerning tobacco use prevalence in developing countries, available data suggest an increasing epidemic of tobacco-associated disease in countries in which competing causes of death, such as infection and subnutrition, are coming under control. Widely entrenched smoking habits already have been associated with increasing cancer rates in developing countries with relatively young populations. In general, the countries where consumption of tobacco is growing fastest are the worlds poorest and hungriest. Reported smoking prevalence rates in men in selected developing countries illustrate the widespread nature of the habit: Nepal (60 to 85% in 1980), Sri Lanka (48% in 1968), Thailand (51% in 1976-1981), Brazil (52% in 1983), and Zambia (63% in 1984).
A major contributor to these observed increases in smoking prevalence is the tobacco industry’s aggressive marketing system in the Third World. Cigarettes are readily available, highly visible, and a source of employment for many. In Kenya, for example, there are 40,000 to 50,000 tobacco retailers — twice the number of individuals with television sets. (This feet minimizes the effect of a tobacco industry agreement to ban TV commercials in the country.) Tobacco companies also provide ready technical assistance to farmers growing tobacco.
As shown in Table 11, the annual average consumption of tobacco in developing countries, especially in Latin America, increased from 0.79 to 0.81 kg per person per year in the mid-1970s, compared with decreases worldwide (1.17 to 1.15) and more markedly in developed countries (2.11 to 2.02).
USA Today “10 great places to rent a cottage” January 2007
Cottages are fewer than 150 miles from Chicago but a “world away from high stress,” Griffin says, and they’re where “the glimmer of fireflies is more important than a GameBoy glow.” Guests in the three cottages and main guesthouse can rent electric boats to explore Lake Michigan and Kalamazoo Lake, hike or bike and visit Saugatuck with its art galleries, boats, shops and restaurants. 269-857-5445, deercreekcottages.com
Cottage Living “Roads Less Traveled” October 2005
“Though our cottage has a kitchen, proprietor Kevin Sabourin shows up Saturday morning with a tray of eggs, bacon, fresh-baked blueberry crumble, and juice. With our own cottage keys, we feel like locals…”
National Trust for Historic Preservation “Dozen Distinctive Destinations Saugatuck-Douglas, MI” 2009
“…the lakeshore community’s scenic beauty and singular collection of art galleries, shops and restaurants make it a perfect getaway for a day, a weekend or even a season.”
MSNBC “Great American Beach Towns” August 2008
“Combine an awe-inspiring landscape with the aw-shucks attitude of a small town, and you get Saugatuck, just across the Kalamazoo River from a surprisingly sandy stretch of Lake Michigan’s eastern shore.”
American Style Magazine “Top 25 Arts Destinations” 2009
“Saugatuck, Michigan- Top 25 Small Cities & Towns
(Populations of fewer than 100,000)”
American Style Magazine “Art Walks: Saugatuck and Douglas” August 2008
“…Enamored with the scenery, they started the Ox-Bow school of art, the cornerstone of a then-quiet artistic colony, in 1910. In the 1990s, art-lovers looking for a stimulating small-town getaway discovered the area and inspired a renaissance. Historic buildings became home to today’s bustling boutiques, quaint B&Bs and more than 30 galleries, as the two towns transformed into Michigan’s art coast epicenter. ”
The London Times “Four Great USA Rail Journeys” August 2008
“Saugatuck, a cute Victorian resort town on the shores of Lake Michigan, a world away from the hard-edged steel-and-glass towers of Chicago. There are soft-sand beaches, board-walks, soaring sand dunes, chain ferries across the Kalamazoo River and paddle-boats on the lake.”
Stay 1 night at the regular price get the 2nd night 50% off on all accommodations. Monday-Thursday Only!
Stay 2 nights at the regular price get the 3rd night 50% off.
Must be of equal or lesser value. Not valid on current reservations. Taxes not included. Stay must be in the month of September and special ends September 30, 2010.